Monday, May 17, 2010

Setting Administrator password(The easy way)

Okay, Well this is very easy and does not involve rebooting or logging off, BUT it requires Administrative Access.
  1. Open up Command Prompt.
  2. type in "net user Administrator (Password goes here)" (Without the quotes, And put in a password in place of the "(Password goes here)") So lets say you want to set the password to "computers", You would then type in: net user Administrator computers Simple as that! And doesn't involve rebooting!

Happy tweaking!
Read full history - Setting Administrator password(The easy way)

Clear pagefile on shutdown

While it is generally not necessary for most users, some people want to clear the pagefile on shutdown. Windows uses this file as virtual memory / extra ram. Lets say that you are working on a highly confidential MS Word doc. When you load this document it is loaded into ram. To save ram windows places certain items in the pagefile. With some effort, the pagefile can then be opened and the document can be extracted as well as any other open program or files. However Microsoft has implemented a feature that will clear the page file but they do not have it enabled by default. Please note, this will significantly increase the amount of time it takes to shut down your computer. We don't necessarily recommend this tweak, but we offer you the option if you want it:

Start Regedit. If you are unfamiliar with regedit please refer to our FAQ on how to get started.

  1. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management
  2. Select ClearPageFileAtShutdown from the list on the right.
  3. Right on it and select Modify.
  4. Change the value to 1 to enable.
  5. Reboot your computer.
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Changing ANY user password without having to know the existing password

This tweak gives a user the opportunity to use it for good or bad. It enables the user to re-password any account without having to know the existing password and also shows you every account that exists on the machine (even the ones that are hidden). This is a good tool to use if you forgot a password to say your administrator account and you needed to be logged into the admin account for any reason.
To view all of the user accounts:
1) While logged onto the computer, click on Start>Run>and type in CMD.
2) From the command prompt window, type in net users. This will show you every account that is made onto the computer whether it is hidden or not.
To change an account password:
1) While logged onto the computer to an account that has administrative rights, click on Start>Run>and type in CMD.
2) Type in net user then the name of the account then * and press enter. heres an example: net user administrator * or net user "Joe Smith" * . Put the name in quotes if it contains spaces.
3) From there it should ask for a new password. Type in your new password (type very carefully - the command window won't display what you type) and once more to confirm it. If you get the message that the command succeeded successfully you're all set!!
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Administrator Account Password in XP Home

In XP Home Edition the admin account is only accessible from SafeMode. This accounts password is by default BLANK....yeah thats correct there is no password. Gee...PATHETIC.

To ensure a more secure system.

1. Turn off your computer.
2.Power on and hit F8 just after the BIOS check is complete. Select Safe Mode from the List. Its around the top of the list.
3.On the next page press ENTER.
4.Work you way to the Desktop. Goto Control
*Clicking on Start\settings\ControlPanel
5.Double Click on Users Accounts
6.Select the Administrators Account from the list.
7.Apply a password.

Then restart the system.
Read full history - Administrator Account Password in XP Home

Block incoming attacks

Limit your exposure to the outside world by blocking incomming connections.

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Network Connections
Right click on "Local Area Network" And go to "Properties", In the scroll box, Click on "Internet Protocol (IP/TCP)" and then click on the "Properties" button, In the new window, Click on the "Advanced.." button, Then in the other new window go to the "Options" tab, Click on "TCP/IP Filtering" and hit "Properties", Check off "Enable TCP/IP filtering (All adapters)" next In the Above "TCP Ports" Click on the Radio button "Permit Only" and then add in the ports that you want people to be able to access... If you're running a web server add in 80, If you're running an FTP server add in 21... And so on... Then hit "OK" And close all the other windows, And reboot when it asks you too.

This way you can close the ports that you do not need to be open to the outside world. An alternative to this tweak could be running a firewall or enabling windows built in firewall. Please note that in order for other computers to connect to you, for example sending a file over AOL Instant Messenger or using Windows Messenger to send a file, make sure that the required port is not blocked on your system. Otherwise, nothing will go through.
Read full history - Block incoming attacks

Access Stored User Names and Passwords with rundll32.exe

The Stored User Names and Passwords applet lets you assign user names and passwords to use when needing to authenticate yourself to services in domains other than the one you are currently logged into. The normal way of running this applet can be difficult to find quickly, so here is a way to launch it using a desktop shortcut using the rundll32.exe program:

Click on START - RUN and type the following (follwed by ENTER):

rundll32.exe keymgr.dll,KRShowKeyMgr
Read full history - Access Stored User Names and Passwords with rundll32.exe

Move the Temporary Internet Files Folder

By default Internet Explorer stores a user’s temporary internet files within a user profile typically located under C:\Users or C:\Documents and Settings. This setting can be easily be changed within Internet Explorer.

Configuring Temporary Internet Files in Internet Explorer:

When Internet Explorer is open, click on Tools and then select Internet Options. On the General tab, under Browsing history, click the Settings button.

Click Move folder…

Then select the new drive and folder you want to use and click OK to exit the property pages.
Read full history - Move the Temporary Internet Files Folder

Saturday, May 15, 2010

Samsung LN52B750


The B750 series is a mid to high end Samsung LCD that includes some of the newest features from this years models such as 240Hz and Touch of Color (gray) while not going all the way with the LED backlight. Many of the positive traits of last years A850 series are continued here. There is the addition of Internet connection widgets which give limited value. Picture quality is consistently good, color information is more vibrant with the new wide color enhancement technology and contrast ratio - with all inputs and content through what Samsung calls the Ultra Clear Panel. See our review of picture quality, features and value below. The included 240Hz technology will give the viewer an unreal football watching experience (especially from HD of course).

Picture Quality Rating

Test and Optimum Viewing Distance: 12

The Samsung 52B750 was fairly calibration friendly without going into the service menu. Just as with the B650 series, there was a hitch at around 40 ire but the TV performed well at 30 and 50 ire so this should not be an issue when viewing.

Up conversion from 480i and 480p: Deep black levels, vibrant colors, and clear upconversion from low end signals characterize the picture from 480i. One important note to always remember with this TV is to turn the 240Hz feature off when viewing anything but live sports programming. Doing so will save you the unpleasant kitchy cardboard cutout effect that this feature creates by taking the natural motion blur out of film based content. Finding the control to turn the feature off is not easy. See instructions below under the Features section. Up conversion clarity is crisp and defined on the LN52B750. The picture is amazingly well defined without the excessive motion artifacts that can exist with many TVs when up converting from lower signals. There is a lot of range in the TVs ability to display lower end signals. This leads one to the conclusion that the B750 contains very high quality processing chip sets and indeed our HQV processing tests prove this to be the case. Black levels can get a little over saturated at times and there is a blue push with the panel in general which will cause the same effect when viewing programming occasionally. One drawback was continued judder effect (stuttering image) on side to side panning scenes. This is otherwise called motion lag and occurs more prominently but necessarily when turning off the 240Hz.

720p/1080i/1080p Picture Quality: After turning off the 120Hz feature, high definition content appears vibrant, realistic and extremely crisp. Blacks are rich for an LCD and contrast is a strength. One of the highlight features of the LN52B750 is its picture depth perception. Samsung has been unparalled in this area lately. I believe this is due to the companies Ultra Clear Panel technology which does allow for some glare on the screen but the tradeoff with great depth and rich colors is a winner.

Black Level/Contrast/Contrast Ratio: Contrast ratio measures a respectable 998:1. We believe contrast is enhanced by the Ultra Clear Panel that Samsung uses for this LCD. Blacks appear rich and there is no lack of brightness.

Dark Shadow Detail: Blacks can over power dark material at times causing a little deficiency in shadow detail. It certainly is not what we could classify as a problem though.

Color Rendition/Color Accuracy: Colors are bright, rich and vibrant but not oversaturated. The color rendition of this TV is exceptional.

Viewing Angle/Off Axis Viewing: Off angle viewing is very good and the TV continues to display a deep image even at 45 degrees. Contrast and black levels do not degrade substantially at angles.

Motion Lag: There is prominent motion lag and judder effect especially after turning off the 240Hz Auto Motion Plus feature. Nevertheless, it's better to have the jerky motion panning effect than the strange background information appearing with the 240Hz feature turned on. Thus, turn the feature off for all but sports programming.

False Contouring / Mapping: There was some false contouring and mapping present in a few scenes from Friday Night Lights. This did not appear to be a frequent problem and it did not occur during HQV testing.

Features: As mentioned above, turning off the 240Hz Auto Motion Plus feature for all but sports programming is essential. To do so follow these instructions:

Press the Menu button
Select the Picture Setting option
Scroll down to Picture Options and select
Scroll down to Auto Motion Plus and select
Press the right arrow key and scroll select the off option
Next up the B750 LCD series has an Internet widget feature with Yahoo!, Flicker, You Tube, and others. It's one of those features that you will scroll through and glance at once and never use again. The options are currently unappealing, but it's nice to have the LAN connection for possible future proofing if Samsung can upgrade the firmware. The B750 series is DLNA compliant which allows various devices in the DLNA network to communicate with one another.

Video Aspect Ratio Sizing: Aspect ratio processing and sizing was spot on non-distorted from a variety of input sources. Selection is 16:9, 4:3, Zoom 1, 2, 3.

Inputs: 4 HDMI, USB, LAN, Component

Aesthetic Considerations: The LN-52B750 has a rectangular design with sharp lines, and the Samsung signature Touch of Color in subtle gray at the bottom of the panel. It's a more utilitarian design than many of the more sleek sexy models from this year. The heavy, sturdy included table top stand has a clear neck and swivels side to side.

Remote Control/Menu Funtionality: The menu system on the on the LN52B750 has an excellent little tutorial which helps the user understand what each function does. It's a slick looking- transparent menu controlled by a new and better tilt wheel control. Another nit picky negative here is the gloss black remote which shows fingerprints too readily. The source button controls input selection. The p. size button controls aspect ratio.

Audio Output: Audio output was excellent from our Dolby Digital Test disc. Volume level was plentiful and sound rich and full at just 35% of capacity. Virtual Surround sound effects also impressed us from the 10W X 10W speakers.

Read full history - Samsung LN52B750

Friday, May 14, 2010

10 Beautiful Wordpress Themes

             Sometimes it’s just like searching for a needle in a haystack: if you’ve ever googled for free and quality Wordpress Themes, you know exactly what we’re talking about. Most designers love to create Wordpress themes, so they can demonstrate the quality of their work and add some fresh works to their portfolios.

           However, most Wordpress themes are either used too often (Kubrick theme, now K2, is definitely overused) or just have nothing to offer – particularly, if you are looking for a free, impressive and professional design. However, sometimes search is worth it. In the gallery below you’ll find 10free Wordpress Themes you probably haven’t seen yet. All themes offer quality, elegance and a user-friendly interface.

This theme attempts to catch the feeling of a long, exciting summernight and lets you tell your adventures with big, eye-catching pictures. Quite provocative, but hey – it’s all about the unique style, right? Easily customizable and best used with dark, patterned backgrounds.

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Thursday, May 13, 2010

Tamil Nadu Board Exam Results (12th Results)

Tamil Nadu 12th Exam Results 2010 will be declared on 14th May, 2010 at 9.30 AM. Keep Watching here
Read full history - Tamil Nadu Board Exam Results (12th Results)

Acer Aspire One 532h-2326:

Acer is looking to stay ahead in the netbook market with its Aspire One 532h. Though it's not a tremendous upgrade over the previous Aspire One models, the 532h is a solid, decently priced netbook. Acer may have skimped a little on the keyboard and touchpad--but hey, at least it looks cool.

Our review unit, priced at $299, features a 1.67GHz Intel Atom N450 processor, 1GB of RAM, a 250GB hard drive, and an Intel NM10 chipset. It's available in silver, blue/black, and red. It also features 802.11b/g/n Wi-Fi, an integrated Webcam and microphone, and a multigesture touchpad. It runs Windows 7 Starter.

The Aspire One 532h has a shiny cover (navy blue fades into black) that is very fingerprint- and scratch-prone. The six-cell battery is tucked under the chassis, but still creates a bump underneath. The netbook features three USB 2.0 ports, a VGA out port, an ethernet port, a multiformat card slot, and headphone and microphone jacks.

Weighing 2.8 pounds and measuring 10.2 inches wide by 7.3 inches high by 0.8 inches deep (1.4 inches deep at the battery), the Aspire One 532h is pretty standard for a netbook of its class. The whole machine feels sturdy, except for the cheap plastic rocker mouse button.

The keyboard on the Aspire One 532h is somewhat disappointing. The Aspire One 532h features chiclet-shaped keys, but implements them differently--instead of the wide spacing usually found on chiclet keyboards, the Aspire One 532h's keyboard looks more like a mashup of a chiclet keyboard and a standard keyboard. The lack of space between the keys makes for bigger keys--which is nice, but not terribly helpful in this case. The keys are flat and slippery, and touch-typing is pretty much impossible.

Instead of the usual indentation that denotes the touchpad, the Aspire One 532h's multitouch touchpad is just a textured block on an otherwise smooth palm rest. While this looks slick, it's a bit annoying--the touchpad is almost too textured, and moving the mouse is a chore. Instead of two distinct mouse buttons, the Aspire One 532h has a shiny blue rocker. The rocker is easy to click, but all the shiny slickness makes it hard to remember what's what.

The Aspire One 532h has a 10.1-inch glossy screen with 1024-by-600-pixel resolution (standard for a netbook of its size). As on similar netbook screens, the Aspire One 532h's bright, glossy display is both a blessing and a curse. It's bright, and colors pop--but if you move even slightly to one side, the screen goes dark, and you get a bunch of reflections thrown back at you.

Like other netbooks with the N450 processor, the Aspire One 532h isn't great at video playback. However, it does stream standard-definition video clips from Hulu with little problem--a standard-definition episode of Dancing with the Stars was seamless at full screen. High-definition streaming video plays, but with stutter (I managed to get a 480p episode of Lost going). As for audio, the onboard speakers are quite loud and located on the underside of the chassis.

Acer provides a suite of its own software, which includes Acer Launch Manager, Recover Management, and Video Conference, in addition to a Microsoft bundle. Besides a 60-day trial of Microsoft Home & Student 2007, the latter bundle gives you a full version of Microsoft Works and Windows Live Essentials.

The only thing holding this netbook back is the weird chiclet-slash-regular keyboard and the unindented touchpad, both of which are cool-looking but take a lot of getting used to. Still, the Acer Aspire One 532h is a sturdy little netbook with a good price.
Read full history - Acer Aspire One 532h-2326:

Casio Exilim EX-G1

             Snowboarders, snorkelers, and rock climbers, listen up: The ruggedized Casio Exilim EX-G1 point-and-shoot digital camera is a worthy companion for your next outdoor adventure. That's assuming, of course, you don't snowboard in weather colder than 14 degrees Fahrenheit, you don't snorkel in water over 10 feet deep, you don't climb rocks higher than 7 feet, and you can live with middling image quality while you're on the move.

          The key phrase here is "while you're on the move." The 12.1-megapixel Exilim EX-G1 performed extremely well in our lab-based imaging tests, producing very sharp images with good color accuracy and a lack of distortion. In PCWorld Labs' subjective testing, our jury of evaluators rated the EX-G1's image quality as Very Good.

          But you'll rarely have a tripod with you on a mountain hike or snowboard trip, and that will have a negative impact on this camera's image quality in the wild. In my hands-on, real-world tests, its still images were, at best, decent. The EX-G1 offers ISO equivalency settings up to ISO 3200, but my images above ISO 400 started showing a lot of noise when zoomed in at 100 percent. Images looked sharp enough when viewed at smaller sizes, but noise, artifacts, and color issues were evident at ISO equivalencies above 800 and at larger sizes. Though the camera offers a Macro mode (in the REC menu under the Auto mode), the EX-G1 had trouble focusing on objects as close as 4 inches away from the lens.

             The EX-G1 also has no real image stabilization other than a digital "Anti-Shake" option, which is off by default and disabled automatically when you use a flash. You have to dive into the camera's "REC" menu to turn it on, and it does little to combat shaky hands or darting subjects. Instead, it increases ISO sensitivity--leaving you with, well, a number of artifacts and a somewhat shaky picture.

            The Exilim EX-G1 features a 3X-optical-zoom lens (38mm to 114mm), a 2.5-inch LCD screen, and a variety of preset "Best Shot" modes. It's delightfully tiny at just 5.4 ounces and 0.78 inches thick--Casio says it's the slimmest shockproof camera on the market (the upcoming Sony Cyber-shot DSC-TX5, which measures less than 0.75 inches thick, might have something to say about that soon). The EX-G1 takes MicroSD and MicroSDHC cards, and it's available in black or red for $300 (as of 5/5/2010).

          It is indeed rugged. The camera is shockproof to falls as far as 7 feet, waterproof down to 10 feet (and it does sink, so use that wrist strap), freezeproof down to 14 degrees Fahrenheit (though using the camera at this temperature significantly decreases your battery life), and dustproof. I tested everything except the dust, and the EX-G1 powered through like a champion--though the LCD screen did suffer a scratch or two.

         Its nonextending zoom lens is ringed in resin, its outer casing is made of stainless steel, and a polycarbonate cover near its shutter is built to absorb shock. To access the weather-sealed USB port and MicroSD/SDHC slot, you use a little turnscrew on the side. The wheel-like turnscrew moves easily, and the port door opens effortlessly.

         Taking the battery out, on the other hand, is quite a hassle--especially if you have big hands. Casio includes a special tool for prying open the battery compartment; but even with said tool, the compartment requires some dexterity to open.

       The battery life is good enough to get you through a full day's worth of hiking or snow sports, as well: The EX-G1's battery is rated at 300 shots per charge, sufficient for a PCWorld Labs battery rating of Good.

           The buttons on the EX-G1 are straightforward, well spaced, and easy to press. On the top of the camera, next to the power button and the shutter button, is the "Best Shot" button, which you press to access all of the camera's automatic shooting modes. You can choose from 25 automatic shooting modes, including Snow, Sports, Pet, Sundown, Underwater, and Portrait; the closest you'll get to any manual controls is an "Auto" mode that lets you adjust white balance, exposure compensation, ISO, flash, and a few other in-camera settings (no manual shutter or aperture adjustments, though).

            In the EX-G1, Casio also offers its unique Dynamic Photo Mode, which allows you to cut a subject out of a shot and superimpose it on top of a different picture or background. This mode actually works quite well, providing that you take the first shot (the picture of the subject) in front of a neutral background; the camera has a bit more trouble extracting subjects from unevenly lit or otherwise complex backgrounds.

             You'll also find a dedicated movie button (labeled with a red recording circle) that you can press to go straight into movie mode. The EX-G1 can capture standard-definition clips at 848 by 480 pixels and 640 by 480 pixels (YouTube mode) at 30 frames per second; it can also take 320-by-240-pixel videos at 15 fps. A fun feature for active users is the Interval Snapshot/Movie mode; for snapshots, you can set intervals at 10 seconds, 30 seconds, 1 minute, or 3 minutes, whereas for movies you can set the capture time at 3, 10, 20, or 30 minutes.

           For single shots, this camera exhibits virtually no shutter lag at all--fantastic news for the action-minded user. Unfortunately, I found that the shot-to-shot lag time was incredibly long, as much as 5 seconds. Capturing a fleeting moment isn't much of a problem--but trying to capture several in a row is a real issue.

             All in all, the Casio Exilim EX-G1 is not the best camera if you're looking to snap breathtaking, wall-size photos of the great outdoors, due to its lack of a wide-angle lens and its middling image quality in non-studio environments. But if you simply want to tote something to get quick shots on your next mountain-biking/white-water rafting/rock-climbing trip, it's sturdy enough to withstand the journey.
Read full history - Casio Exilim EX-G1

Apple's iPhone 4G: What We Know So Far

          Apple's leak control has apparently failed again, with photos and video of yet another alleged iPhone 4G prototype appearing on a Vietnamese Internet forum and on YouTube.

         Indeed, the drama surrounding these prototypes -- the first was lost in a bar and bought by Gizmodo, which now faces legal trouble -- may be the most exciting part of the story, but ideally it's all in service of telling us more about the phone itself. Unfortunately, the supposed new iPhone 4G prototype doesn't reveal many more details, but it helps corroborate the specs in Gizmodo's earlier prototype and paints a more complete picture of Apple's next iPhone. Assuming this latest prototype is real, here's what we know so far:


            Apple appears to abandon the curvy shape of previous iPhones in favor of sharp angles on the edges. Gizmodo's prototype had screws in the aluminum border around the sides, but these are gone in the Vietnam version. I'm not thrilled with the new design, but that's another story.

          The back panel is made of glass, ceramic, shiny plastic, or maybe even sapphire (according to an Engadget commenter's translation of the latest video), and it's shiny and somewhat smudge-prone, just like the iPhone's front panel. Before the leaks, one analyst speculated that the back panel would be touch-sensitive, like Apple's magic mouse, but neither leak confirms this.


         A teardown of the alleged Vietnam prototype reveals a new chip with Apple branding. This is likely part of Apple's A4 chip family, which debuted in the iPad and gives Apple greater flexibility than third-party processors. Clock speed is unspecified, but 1 GHz seems likely given previous rumors.


          What's new and noteworthy with the iPhone 4G prototypes? A front-facing camera, an improved rear-facing camera with a flash, a second microphone for noise cancellation, and an improved display whose exact resolution is unknown, but is rumored to be 960-by-640. Instead of a standard SIM slot, the new iPhone supposedly uses Micro-SIM, just like the iPad. Gizmodo reported that the iPhone 4G prototype is 3 grams heavier than its predecessor and has a 16 percent larger battery.

         The Vietnam prototype lists 16 GB of storage capacity on the back panel. I'm guessing Apple will bump the maximum capacity to 64 GB -- as it did with the iPod Touch -- and offer a middle-tier 32 GB model, but the prototypes provide no clues on that front.


         As Engadget notes, a sticker on the Vietnam prototype's A4 processor reads "N90," which also appeared in a bar code attached to Gizmodo's prototype. John Gruber of Daring Fireball cites several unnamed sources who say this is Apple's code name for the fourth-generation GSM iPhone. Verizon Wireless uses CDMA wireless standard instead of GSM, so the phones we've seen so far appear destined for AT&T, despite persistent rumors.
Read full history - Apple's iPhone 4G: What We Know So Far

Saturday, May 8, 2010

The Chronicles of Narnia (2008)

Read full history - The Chronicles of Narnia (2008)

Websites that Pay you to Blog

        Review Me is a great website, and can be used for two different purposes. It can be used to make money, and it can be used to help get you more traffic. So no matter who you are, if you have a website, one of the two should be perfect for you. How does Review Me work?

          Let’s start with how to make money using Review Me. Let’s say that you’re a blogger. You have a great website about your favorite topic that you write about a few times a week. You have some ads on your site, but you’re still hoping to make more money on your site.

          Well, if you get a decent amount of traffic on your website, you can use Review Me to review other websites on your site. What happens, is you’ll log onto Review Me, and see what companies want you to review their website/product. You’ll take a look at the website/product, and write a review on your own blog about it. You’ll then get a certain amount of money for the post.

         It’s pretty cool because you’re getting paid to give your opinion about someone else’s website/product. You write your post, and you’ll get paid.

         On the other hand, say you have a site that isn’t getting much traffic. You can use Review Me to get more people to visit your site/product. What you’d do, is go on Review Me, and take a look at the bloggers out there. You’ll find one in your price range, and ask them to do a review of your site/product. You’ll pay them, and they’ll write a review on their website, which is seen by a lot of people. These people will then visit your website when they see the review!

           It’s really a win-win situation. People who have great websites but are looking to make some extra money can use Review Me to review websites/products, and those who are looking for traffic can get their website/product reviewed by a site that has a lot of traffic, so that some of them will visit your site after they find out more about it.
Read full history - Websites that Pay you to Blog

Friday, May 7, 2010

Websites that Pay you to Blog

          If you are a blogger and want to make money online through paid reviews on your blog then payperpost is one the best options. Actually it is an intermediary between the blogger and the advertiser. Payperpost has become a well-established system on internet which provides access to the blogger (Publisher) or the advertiser. Through payperpost advertisers can drive traffic for their websites or products. The concept of payperpost is very simple. Just the blogger has to write a post which contains the link of the advertiser’s website satisfy some given guidelines, and once the post has been online for 30 days, the blogger receives the payment in his paypal account.
          For getting the paid reviews for the blog, the blogger needs to register  on the payperpost website with paypal address and the blog URL. But there are some conditions on the blog to be accepted for paid articles.

  • The blog should be at least 30 days old, with at least 10 pre-existing posts written in the last 30 days.
  • Must have chronological archives.
  • Contain content that is original to you and the blog.
  • Be a text/written content blog, meaning no message boards, websites, IM, photoblogs, vlogs, etc.
  • Have only one author.
  • Not include ‘no follow’ tags.
  • It should be a blog written in the English language. We do make note of any blogs submitted in other languages so we may share those as we encounter Advertisers seeking them.
  • The blog should not be published for earning money only.

           Once your blog has been accepted, you can access the dashboard where you can handle everything related to your account on payperpost. In this dashboard, you get information such as how much you have been paid, and how much money you have waiting to be approved once your posts reach the thirty day threshold. Here you also find the “opportunities” area of the site, where the current paid post assignments are listed. Upon choosing an opportunity which you would like to take, you are presented with the requirements for that blog post. Just see the requirements, write the article and earn money.
Read full history - Websites that Pay you to Blog

Samsung Star TV Mobile Phone

          It’s a brand new era of latest technologies. Every other day, we are being informed of new launches. Whether it’s TVs, DVD players, mobile phones or other technologies, things are getting better and better for us. There are many leading players in the market. Giants like Sony, Nokia, Motorola, LG, Samsung etc are leading the way. Talking about Samsung, it is a pioneer in technology related segment. It has presence across the different verticals of products. Recently, its product Corby was the talking point in the mobile market. It sold like hot cakes.

           Adding to its other products, Samsung has recently launched Star TV. The launching pattern has been more or less on the same lines of that of its successor. One of the best selling touch screen phone in the first half-quarter of 2010, Star TV is definitely making waves. This is an addition to Samsung Star series and this time, the most wonderful feature is its TV viewing feature. The mobile has Analog mobile TV receiver which enables mobile owner to enjoy free-to-air transmitted channels. The TV receiver has telegent system and because of that the mobile set can boast of rich graphical controls. The user can record, use the facility of one click capture and also switch channels with a screen flick. Additionally, one can receive SMS even without stopping the telecast of TV viewer.

          There are some other attractive features as well like 3 inch TFT resistive touch screen, 3.15 megapixel camera, TouchWiz UI, smile detection, EDGE, FM with RDS support, Bluetooth and 16 GB expandable memory. The only negative point is absence of Wi-Fi connectivity which is kind of surprising. As far as features and looks are concerned, Samsung Star TV S 5233T is truly in a different league.
Read full history - Samsung Star TV Mobile Phone

Wednesday, May 5, 2010

Civilization : Byzantines

     The Byzantines took their name from Byzantium, an ancient city on the Bosphorus, the strategic waterway linking the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea. The Roman Emperor Constantine had renamed this city Constantinople in the 4th century and made it a sister capital of his empire. This eastern partition of the Roman Empire outlived its western counterpart by a thousand years, defending Europe against invasions from the east by Persians, Arabs, and Turks. The Byzantines persevered because Constantinople was well defended by walls and the city could be supplied by sea. At their zenith in the middle 7th century, the Byzantines had recovered much of the original Roman Empire, lacking only the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain), Gaul (modern France), and Britain. The Byzantines held the Middle East briefly, but their empire consisted mainly of the Balkans and modern Turkey.
     The first great Byzantine Emperor was Justinian I (482-565). His ambition was to restore the old Roman Empire and he nearly succeeded. His instrument the greatest general of the age, Belisarius, who crisscrossed the empire defeating Persians to the East, Vandals in North Africa, Ostrogoths in Italy, and Bulgars and Slavs in the Balkans. In addition to military campaigns, Justinian laid the foundation for the future by establishing a strong legal and administrative system, and by defending the Christian Church.

     The Byzantine economy was the richest in Europe for many centuries because Constantinople was ideally sited on trade routes between Asia, Europe, the Black Sea, and the Aegean Sea. It was an important destination point for the Silk Road from China. The nomisma, the principal Byzantine gold coin, was the standard for money throughout the Mediterranean for 800 years. Constantinople's strategic position eventually attracted the envy and animosity of the Italian city-states.

     A key strength of the Byzantine Empire was its generally superior army that drew on the best elements of Roman, Greek, Gothic, and Middle Eastern experience in war. The core of the army was a shock force of heavy cavalry supported by both light infantry (archers) and heavy infantry (armored swordsmen). The army was organized into units and drilled in tactics and maneuvers. Officers received an education in military history and theory. Although outnumbered usually by masses of untrained warriors, it prevailed thanks to intelligent tactics and good discipline. The army was backed by a network of spies and secret agents that provided information about enemy plans and could be used to bribe or otherwise deflect aggressors.

     The Byzantine navy kept the sea-lanes open for trade and kept supply lines free so the city could not be starved into submission when besieged. In the 8th century a land and sea attack by Arabs was defeated largely by a secret weapon, Greek fire. This chemical weapon, its composition now unknown, was a sort of liquid napalm that could be sprayed from a hose. The Arab navy was devastated at sea by Greek fire.

     In the 7th and 8th centuries, the Arabs overran Egypt, the Middle East, North Africa, and Spain, removing these areas permanently from Byzantine control. A Turkish victory at Manzikert in 1071 led to the devastation of Asia Minor, the empire's most important source of grain, cattle, horses, and soldiers. In 1204 crusaders led the Doge of Venice used treachery to sack Constantinople.

    In the 14th century the Turks invaded Europe, capturing Adrianople and bypassing Constantinople. They settled the Balkans in large numbers and defeated a large crusader army at Nicopolis in 1396. In May of 1453, Turkish Sultan Mehmet II captured a weakly defended Constantinople with the aid of heavy cannon. The fall of the city brought the Byzantine Empire to an end.
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Civilization : Japanese

    Located 100 miles off the mainland of Asia, at its closest point, Japan was a land of mystery at the edge of civilization. Isolated at first by geography and later by choice, the Japanese developed a distinctive culture that drew very little from the outside world. At the beginning of what were the Middle Ages in Europe, the advanced culture of Japan was centered at the north end of the Inland Sea on the main island of Honshu. Across the Hakone Mountains to the east lay the Kanto, an alluvial plain that was the single largest rice growing area on the islands. To the north and east of the Kanto was the frontier, beyond that lived aboriginal Japanese, known as the Ainu, who had occupied the islands since Neolithic times.
By the 5th century AD, the Yamato court had become largely ceremonial. Independent clans, known as uji, held the real power behind the throne. Clan leaders formed a sort of aristocracy and vied with each other for effective control of land and the throne.

     In 530 the Soga clan became predominant and produced the first great historical statesman, Prince Shotoku, who instituted reforms that laid the foundation of Japanese culture for the next 1000 years. In 644, power shifted from the Soga clan to the Fujiwara clan. The Fujiwara presided over most of the Heian period, 794-1185. The new leadership imposed the Taika Reform of 645 which attempted redistribute the rice growing land, establish a tax on agricultural production, and divide the country into provinces. Too much of the country remained outside imperial influence and control, however. Real power shifted to great families that rose to prominence in the rice growing lands. Conflict between these families led to civil war and the rise of the warrior class.

     Similar to the experience of medieval Western Europe, the breakdown of central authority in Japan, the rise of powerful local nobles, and conflict with barbarians at the frontier combined to create a culture dominated by a warrior elite. These warriors became known as Samurai, 'those who serve,' who were roughly equivalent to the European knight. A military government replaced the nobility as the power behind the throne at the end of the 12th century. The head of the military government was the Shogun.

     Samurai lived by a code of the warrior, something like the European code of chivalry. The foundation of the warrior code was loyalty to the lord. The warrior expected leadership and protection. In return he obeyed his lord's commands without question and stood ready to die on his lord's behalf. A Samurai placed great emphasis on his ancestry and strove to carry on family traditions. He behaved so as to earn praise. He was to be firm and show no cowardice. Warriors went into battle expecting and looking to die. It was felt that a warrior hoping to live would fight poorly.

     The Kamakura period (1185-1333) was named after a region of Japan dominated by a new ruling clan that took power after civil war. The Mongols attempted to invade Japan twice, in 1274 and 1281, but were repulsed both times. A fortuitous storm caused great loss to the second Mongol invasion fleet and became known as the Kamikaze, or 'divine wind.'
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Sunday, May 2, 2010

Civilization : The Franks

     The Franks were one of the German barbarian tribes known to the Romans. In the early part of the 5th century they began expanding south from their homeland along the Rhine River into Roman controlled Gaul (modern France). Unlike other German tribes, however, they did not move out of their homelands, but rather added to them. Clovis, a Frankish chieftan, defeated the last Roman armies in Gaul and united the Franks by 509, becoming the ruler of much of western Europe. During the next 1000 years, this Frankish kingdom gradually became the modern nation of France.
     The kingdom of Clovis was divided after his death among his four sons, according to custom. This led to several centuries of civil warfare and struggle between successive claimants to the throne. By the end of the 7th century, the Merovingian kings (descendants of Clovis) were rulers in name only. In the early 8th century, Charles Martel became mayor of the palace, the ruler behind the throne. He converted the Franks into a cavalry force and fought so well that his enemies gave him the name of Charles the Hammer. In 732 the Frankish cavalry defeated Muslim invaders moving north from Spain at the battle of Tours, stopping forever the advance of Islam from the southwest.

     Charles Martel's son, Pepin, was made king of the Franks by the Pope in return for helping to defend Italy from the Lombards. Pepin founded the dynasty of the Carolingians and the greatest of these rulers was Charles the Great, or Charlemagne, who ruled from 771 to 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire and was responsible for a rebirth of culture and learning in the West. Charlemagne's empire was divided among his grandsons and thereafter coalesced into two major parts. The western part became the kingdom of France. Later kings gradually lost political control of France, however. Central authority broke down under the pressure of civil wars, border clashes, and Viking raids. Money and soldiers could be raised only by making concessions to landholders. Fiefs became hereditary and fief holders became feudal lords over their own vassals. By the 10th century, France had been broken into feudal domains that acted as independent states.

Dark Age

Feudal Age

Castle Age

Imperial Age

     In 987 the French nobility elected Hugh Capet their king, mainly because his fief centered on Paris was weak and he was thought to pose no threat. He founded the Capetian line of kings who worked slowly for two centuries regaining the power by making royal roads safe, adding land to their domain, encouraging trade, and granting royal charters for new towns and fiefs in vacant lands. By allying themselves with the church, the Capetians took a strong moral position and benefited from the church's cultural, political, and social influence. Royal administrators were made loyal to the king and more efficient by eliminating the inheritance of government offices.

     Beginning with Philip II in 1180, three superior rulers established France as the most important nation in Europe. They improved the working of the government, encouraged a booming trade, collected fees efficiently, and strengthened their position atop the feudal hierarchy. Although a national assembly called the Estates General was established, it held no real power and was successfully ignored.

     From 1337 to 1453 France and England fought the long conflict called the Hundred Year's War to decide ownership of lands in France that had been inherited by English kings. The eventual French victory confirmed the king as the most powerful political force in France.
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Civilization : The Spanish (712 On)

     The history of Spain in the Middle Ages is written in three principal chapters: the creation of Visigothic Spain, then Muslim Spain, and then Reconquista, the reconquest of Spain by Christians.

     The Iberian peninsula was an appendage of the Roman Empire that was discarded as the empire disintegrated because it could not be defended in the face of barbarian invasions that brought devastation to the streets of Rome itself. The peninsula was occupied in large part by one of the migrating barbarian groups, the Visigoths, who had come most recently from the southwestern plains of modern Russia, displaced by the Huns. The Visigoths became Christian and occupied the center of the peninsula for several centuries.

     When one of the Visigoth lords appealed to Muslims in North Africa in the 8th century for aid against the king, the door was opened for Muslim expansion across the Straits of Gibraltar. Within 50 years the Muslims had taken most of the peninsula, leaving only small areas in the mountains and to the north outside their control. Muslim, or Moorish, Spain quickly developed into one of the most advanced European civilizations of the Middle Ages. It prospered in relative peace thanks to good agriculture, trade, coinage, and industry. It benefited from the spread of learning throughout the Muslim world. Cordoba became the largest and most sophisticated city in Europe after Constantinople, featuring a population of over 500,000, wonderful architecture, great works of art, a fabulous library, and important centers of learning.

     Peace and prosperity were disrupted by internal disruption, however, as important local rulers competed for overall power, and by external attack, both from the Christian north and Muslim North Africa. By the middle of the 13th century, Muslim Spain was reduced to a single kingdom centered on Granada. The Christian kingdoms of the north gradually ate away at Muslim power, though their effort was often dispersed when they fought with each other. Portugal split off and created a separate kingdom. Muslim Granada survived for several centuries thanks to liberal tribute paid to the Christians to its north and to clever diplomacy that played their enemies against each other. In 1469, however, Isabel I of Castile married Fernando II of Aragon, uniting the two competing Christian kingdoms and foreshadowing the end of Muslim Spain.

     Spain of the Middle Ages was a world of contrasts. It featured the great advantages of a multi-ethnic society, merging Latin, Jewish, Christian, Arab, and Muslim influences into a unique and rich culture. At the same time, however, many of these same cultural forces clashed violently. When two different cultures clash, the result is often grim. The reconquest dragged on for eight centuries, mirroring the Crusades in the holy land and creating an atmosphere that became increasingly pitiless and intolerant. The Christian warriors who eventually expelled the Muslims earned a reputation for being among the best fighters in Europe.

     Granada fell to the forces of Aragon and Castile at the start of 1492, a momentous year, as under the patronage of Queen Isabel, Christopher Columbus subsequently discovered for Europeans the great continents of the New World and their native populations.
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Civilization : The Koreans (400 on)

     When Europe fell into its Dark Age, Korea had been divided into three competing kingdoms: Koguryo to the north, Paekche to the southwest, and Shilla to the southeast. In alliance with China, Shilla conquered the other two kingdoms in the 7th century and then expelled their erstwhile Chinese ally. The central authority of Shilla disintegrated in the 8th-9th centuries, however, under pressure from local lords. Korea was unified once again as Koryo in the 10th century and after that, recovered territory reaching up to the Amnok River border with China in 993. The civilian nobility was thrown out of power by a military coup in 1170 and military rule then lasted for sixty years.

     The Mongols invaded in 1231, initiating a 30-year struggle. The Mongols were often distracted by their wars in China and elsewhere but eventually brought enough power to bear that Koryo made peace with the invaders in 1258. Under the Mongols the Koryo maintained their distinct culture and were inspired to demonstrate their superiority to their conquerors through a burst of artistic accomplishment.

     Land reform, the rise of a new bureaucracy, the diminishment of Buddhism, and the rise of Confucianism around 1400 were part of the creation of a new kingdom, the Choson, that would rule Korea until the 20th century. China heavily influenced the Choson politically and culturally. Korea became an important center of learning, aided by the invention of movable type and the woodblock technique of publishing around 1234.

     The greatest test of the Choson dynasty was invasion by samurai armies from Japan in 1592 that ostensibly planned to conquer China. Although seven years of fighting left much of the Korean peninsula devastated, the Japanese were forced to withdraw because their fleets could not keep open sea lines of supply and reinforcement back to Japan. The great Korean admiral Yi Sun-Shin defeated the Japanese at sea. One key to the Korean naval victories was their innovative turtle ships, the first cannon-bearing armored ships in history. The Japanese had no answer for these slow but powerful weapons.
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Civilization : The Mayans (250-1546)

      The Mayans occupied the Yucatan peninsula, modern Honduras, and modern Guatemala. They date back perhaps to the second millennium BC, but peaked between 600 and 900 AD. Though they lived on lands of marginal agricultural value, they created monuments and ceremonial centers nearly as impressive as those in Egypt. The extent of the ceremonial building is surprising because their religion was relatively simple. Their architecture was also less developed, though undeniably impressive, compared to contemporary advances made elsewhere in the world. They invented a unique written language that is only being deciphered today. Three Mayan books survive to the present, the remnants of a much larger number destroyed by Europeans who feared they contained heresy.

     The Mayans were very proficient in mathematics and astronomy. The understanding and predictability of star and planet movements was critical to the calculation of their calendar and the dating of important ceremonies. They lived in small hamlets that have not survived but congregated at their centers for important events. Noble warriors and priests controlled their society.

     The Mayans went into decline in the tenth century, perhaps due to earthquake or volcanic eruption. Many of their important ceremonial sites were thereafter abandoned. Warriors from central Mexico then invaded their territory and they broke into small town groupings in the rain forest. The last Mayan center was captured by the Spanish in the 17th century, but as many as two million people of Mayan descent reside in the Yucatan today.
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Civilization : The Aztecs (1325-1521)

      Political control of the populous and agriculturally rich central valley of Mexico fell into confusion after 1100. Gradually assuming ever-greater power were the Aztecs, probably a northern tribe that had migrated to the valley and occupied a minor town on the shore of the great central lake. They were a society that valued the skills of warriors above all others, and this emphasis gave them an advantage against rival tribes in the region. By the end of the 15th century, the Aztecs controlled all of central Mexico as a military empire that collected tribute from rivals.

     The Aztec culture drew upon the experience of those that came before it and invented little that was new. They had an advanced agriculture that supported a very large population. They built immense buildings of grand design and flourished in many arts. They were adept metal workers, but had no iron. Lacking any suitable draft animal, they made no motive use of the wheel.

     One of the distinctive features of the Aztec culture was its penchant for sacrifice. Aztec myths dictated that human blood be fed to the Sun to give it the strength to rise each day. Human sacrifices were conducted on a grand scale; several thousand in a single day were not uncommon. Victims were often decapitated or flayed, and hearts were cut from living victims. Sacrifices were conducted at the top of tall pyramids to be close to the sun and blood flowed down the steps. Although the Aztec economy was based primarily on corn (or maize), the people believed that crops depended on the regular provision of sacrificial blood.

     The incessant demand for sacrificial victims meant that the Aztecs tolerated loose control over satellite cities because frequent revolts offered opportunities for capturing new victims. During times of peace, "garland wars" were arranged strictly as contests of courage and warrior skill, and for the purpose of capturing victims. They fought with wooden clubs to maim and stun, rather than kill. When fighting to kill, the clubs were studded with obsidian blades.

     Despite their great agriculture and arts, the Aztecs appear in retrospect to have been a waning society. They passed on no significant technology or ideas of religion or political theory. Their civilization was brought to an abrupt end by the arrival of the Spanish in the early 16th century. Already devastated by European disease passed by early traders, they fell to a small Spanish army armed with steel weapons, firearms, and riding a few horses. The cruelty of the Aztecs contributed to their downfall by making it easy for the Spanish to enlist allies among the non-Aztecs in Mexico.
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Civilizations: The Huns (408-453)

     The Huns were a nomadic people from around Mongolia in Central Asia that began migrating toward the west in the third century, probably due to climatic change. They were a horse people and very adept at mounted warfare, both with spears and bows. Moving with their families and great herds of horses and domesticated animals they migrated in search of new grasslands to settle. Due to their military prowess and discipline, they proved unstoppable, displacing all in their path. They set in motion a tide of migration before them as other peoples moved to get out of their way. This domino effect of large populations passed around the hard nut of Constantinople and the Eastern Roman Empire to spill over the Danube and Rhine Rivers, and ultimately overwhelm the Western Roman Empire by 476.

     Finding lands to their liking, the Huns settled on the Hungarian plain in Eastern Europe, making their headquarters at the city of Szeged on the Tisza River. They needed large expanses of grasslands to provide forage for their horses and other animals. From this area of plains the Huns controlled through alliance or conquest an empire eventually stretching from the Ural Mountains in Russia to the Rhône River in France.

     The Huns were superb horsemen, trained from childhood, and some believe they invented the stirrup, critical for increasing the fighting power of a mounted man charging with a couched lance. They inspired terror in enemies due to the speed at which they could move, changing ponies several times a day to maintain their advance. A second advantage was their recurved composite bow, far superior to anything used in the West. Standing in their stirrups, they could fire forward, to the sides, and to the rear. Their tactics featured surprise, lightning attacks, and the ensuing terror. They were an army of light cavalry and their political structure required a strong leader to hold them to a purpose.

     The peak of Hun power came during the rule of Attila, who became a leader of the Huns in 433 and began a series of raids into south Russia and Persia. He then turned his attention to the Balkans, causing sufficient terror and havoc on two major raids to be bribed to leave. In 450 he turned to the Western Empire, crossing the Rhine north of Mainz with perhaps 100,000 warriors. Advancing on a front of 100 miles, he sacked most of the towns in what is now northern France. The Roman general Aetius raised a Gallo-Roman army and advanced against Attila, who was besieging the city of Orleans. At the major battle of Chalôns, Attila was defeated, though not destroyed.

     The defeat at Chalôns is considered one of the decisive battles of history, one that could have meant collapse of the Christian religion in Western Europe and perhaps domination of the area by Asian peoples.

      Attila then invaded Italy, seeking new plunder. As he passed into Italy, refugees escaped to the islands off the coast, founding, according to tradition, the city of Venice. Though Roman forces were depleted and their main army still in Gaul, the Huns were weak as well, depleted by incessant campaigns, disease, and famine in Italy. At a momentous meeting with Pope Leo I, Attila agreed to withdraw.

     The Hun empire disintegrated following the death of Attila in 453 with no strong leader of his ability to hold it together. Subject peoples revolted and factions within their group fought each other for dominance. They eventually disappeared under a tide of new invaders, such as the Avars, and disappeared from history.
Read full history - Civilizations: The Huns (408-453)